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* forum du site Marikavel : Academia Celtica
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|Définition : peuple 'celtique', installé Écosse, dans l'actuel Fortrenn (Strathearn et Menteith), en Perthshire||
* A.L.F RIVET & Colin SMITH : The place-names of Roman Britain, p 496-497 :
- Ammianus Marcellinus XXVII, 8, 4 : VERTURIONES (acc. pl.), var. VECTURIONES; a people who with the Dicaledones made up the Picti.
The older etymology (Stokes, Holder, Rhys, Watson CPNS 68-69) connected the name with a supposed Welsh gwerthyr 'fortress', but Williams and others have doubted if such a word existed. It is found in local names but without early attestation, and seems not to be recorded in literature until 1753 (Thomas Richards's dictionary), after which it was used by antiquarians (GPC, s.v., without reference to the present name for an etymology). F. G. Diack in RC, XXXVIII (1920-21), 121-22, had already indicated a division Verturiones 'very powerful', with intensive prefix *uer- (see VERLUCIO) and Turiones, a tribal name equivalent to Turoni-Turones of Gaul (> Tours). O'Rahilly EIHM 463-64 accepts this. The base is then *treno- (earlier *trexno-) 'strong', now represented by Welsh trenn 'impetuous, strenuorus' (briefly mentioned under our Traxula), with a form of development shown by many Gaulish personal names such as Turos Turus (from which came Turones) and Turio- Turia (from which *Turiones); Holder II. 2006, etc. The British name was taken into Gaelic as Fortrenn, the name of a region, a genitive of a notional nominative *Fortriu (dative Fortrinn), on which see Wainwright PP 21 ; this name has British *uor-, a later stage of *uer-. It may be significant for the history of the North British tribes that the place Dumyat, which préserves the name of the Maeatae, is in Fortrenn.
IDENTIFICATION. A people of Scotland, not recorded earlier than the fourth century, who inhabited Fortrenn (i.e. Strathearn and Menteith, Perthshire).
* A.L.F RIVET & Colin SMITH : The place-names of Roman Britain, p 496-497;
Autres sites Internet traitant des Verturiones :
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