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Noms de lieux

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La rivière Ribble


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dernière mise à jour 01/12/2008 14:08:50

Définition : nom de rivière du Lancashire, Angleterre; autrefois : Belisama.


A.L.F Rivet & Smith, p. 267 : 


Ptolemy II, 3, 2 : Belisama eiscuais (= BELISAMAE AESTUARIUM) (see also 'ETSODISINAM').

DERIVATION. This river-name is that of a goddess widely worshipped in Gaul and there equated with Minerva (Vincent 261; M. Lejeune in EC, XII (1968-69), 43); shrines and dedications to her are known, including one important text from Roustang in Gaulish written in Greek script (Holder I. 386, III, 834). Dauzat TF 144-45 finds that among the numerous French place-names, in Auvergne and Nivernais the divine name had -i- preserved in Belime (Puy-de-Dôme) and Blisme (Nièvre), but elsewhere and more commonly -i- or possibly -e-, in view of Beleymas (Dordogne), Balesme (Corrèze) and others. There is another detailed study of these by C. J. Guyonvarc'h in Ogam, XIV (1962), 161-67; it cannot be determined in all cases whether the modern name represents a cult of the goddess or is derived from a personal name. For most authorities Belisama has the root *bel- 'bright, shining' (see BELERIUM) with the Celtic superlative ending isama, of which Dauzat lists examples from the toponymy of Gaul at 145-49, and of which Hispanic Bletisama > Ledesma (Salamanca) and Uxama > Osma (Soria) are further instances. A meaning 'most shining one' is clearly appropriate for both divinities and rivers. However, Whatmough (DAG xi) proposes to see in the name thc prefix *be- (cognate with bi- be- in Germanic) and a stem *les > *lis, with a termination -ama carrying the stress, the whole name Belisama meaning 'gatherer'. This seems perverse, and the stress is not that which could have given the medieval and modern names of France. Related to the present name are Belisarium of Ravenna, 80,60, between modern Astorga and Palencia in Spain, the divinity Deo Belisamaro (dative) at Chalon-sur-Saône (Saône-et-Loire, France : Revue Epigraphique, I (1913), 95), and a large number of personal names in Gaul; in Britain there was the woman Julia Belismicus at Caerleon (RIB 318).



Le bassin de la Ribble / Belisama.

Les sources des tributaires ont été indiquées par des points verts (JCE)

Bibliographie :

* M.N Bouillet : Dictionnaire Universel d'histoire et de géographie. Hachette. 1863.

* Ordnance Survey : Map of Roman Britain. Southampton. 1956.

* A.L.F Rivet & Colin Smith : The Place-Names of Roman Britain. B.T Batsford Ltd. London. 1979. Édition 1982.

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