Encyclopédie Marikavel-Jean-Claude-EVEN/Encyclopaedia/Enciclopedia/Enzyklopädie/egkuklopaideia

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page ouverte le 02.05.2006 forum de discussion

* forum du site Marikavel : Academia Celtica 

dernière mise à jour 09/04/2010 13:23:01

Définition : fleuve côtier d'Écosse, 

Il prend sa source près de Creag Meagaidh. 

Il arrose : Laggan, Newtonmore, Kingussie, Aviemore, Grantown-on-Spey, Craigellachie, Rothes, et Fochabers.

Il baptise : Grantown-on-Spey, et le comté de Speyside.

Il débouche dans la Spey Bay, en aval de Fochabers, rive sud du Poray firth.


Extrait de Ordnance Survey : Map of Roman Britain.

Les points verts, représentant les sources du bassin de la Teifi, ont été rajoutés par JC Even

Étude étymologique  

* A.L.F Rivet & C. Smith, p. 480 : 


Ptolemy II, 3, 4: Touesis eiscusi (= TUESIS AESTUARIUM), var. Touaisis (= TUAESIS), etc.

(Possibly Ravenna 108,5 belongs here; the entry is among habitation-names, but Ravenna often misreads an inland rivername from the map-source as a habitation-name; and Tuesis is not repeated among the entries in Ravenna's river-list. See the next entry)

Derivation : Jackson in PP 151 thinks the root `not demonstrably Celtic', no doubt because its root cannot be recognised in the modern languages derived from British, and has no cognate in Irish. It could indeed be pre-Celtic or even non-Indo-European. Watson CPNS 49 thought it constructed like Tamesis (Tames-is), and cited Atesis (At-es-is) > Adige, suggesting a root in *tu- 'to swell' as in Latin tumeo. Ekwall ERN 423 indicates a base in *teua, *tu- as in Sanskrit tavas `powerful' and tavisi 'power'. Either of these roots would naturally make the name Indo-European. It is tempting to suggest an error on the map which was ultimately the source for both Ptolemy and Ravenna (with regard to North Britain) for a form *T(a)vesis, that is British *Taues-, would make the name in structure an echo of Tamesis (above) and would be connected to the *ta- *ta- root from which so many river-names were formed in Britain and elsewhere (see TAMARUS, and more specifically TAVA); but the recorded versions give no hint which would justify this. There seem, otherwise, to be no analogues anywhere which would help to solve the problem. The Spey has a Gaelic name which does not derive from the ancient one (Watson CPNS 474).

Identification . The river Spey, Invernessshire and Moray.


Observation JC Even : 

Bibliographie; sources; envois

* Ordnance Survey : Map of Roman Britain. 1956.

* A.L.F RIVET & C. SMITH : The Place-names of Roman Britain. Batsford Ltd. London. 1979-1982.

Liens électroniques des sites Internet traitant du fleuve Spey / Tuesis : 

* forum du site Marikavel : Academia Celtica

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