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* forum du site Marikavel : Academia Celtica

dernière mise à jour 15/10/2009 13:26:54

Definition : ville d'Angleterre; comte de Somerset, sur la rivière Yeo


Extrait de la carte Ordnance Survey : Map of Roman Britain.

Histoire : ville de la tribu bretonne des Durotriges. Soumise à la conquête romaine, comme l'ensemble de la cite, par Vespasien.

Etymologie :

 A. Lindinis :  Rivet & Smith, p 392 : 

- Ravenna, 10611 : LINDINIS

- Inscription, RIB 1672 : C(IVITAS) DUR(O)TR(I)G(UM) (L)ENDIN(I)ENSIS.


 (Both stones are probably of A.D. 369) 

For the e / i variation, see LINDA; in the epigraphic evidence above, we certainly have Vulgar Latin e < i. RIB naturally restores the adjectival form of the name in the two inscriptions to classical -iensis, but the vulgar -iesis is more likely here (see also BANNA, VINDOLANDA).

DERIVATION. For British *lindo-, see LINDA. Any one of its senses might serve here. Williams says that -in- 'suggests a wet place', citing Welsh gwernin 'alder-swamp' (from gwern 'aider'); R&C think a diminutive possible also; however, *-ina is a recognised Celtic suffix, perhaps as in British Sabrina, here in plural form (see RIO, xxv (1973), 217). For locative -is, see ANICETIS.

IDENTIFICATION. The Roman town of Ilchester, Somerset (ST 5222), on the river Yeo or Ivel. In addition to the suitability of the name, the identification depends on the fact that Ilchester is the only Roman town of any size in the territory of the Durotriges apart from DURNOVARIA, Dorchester (q.v.). C. E. Stevens (EHR, LVI (1941), 359, and Proceedings of the Somerset Archaeological and Natural History Society, xcvi (1952), 188-92) drew attention to this and argued from the inscriptions that at some stage the Civitas Durotrigum was subdivided, with Ilchester becoming the capital of the north-western part. Such subdivision occurred in several cases in Gaul, and Stevens's view has been widely accepted. More recently it has been challenged by J.E Bogaers (JRS, LVII (1967), 233) who maintains that the Civitas Durotrigum means simply 'town in the territory of the Durotriges', but this does not affect the attribution of the name".


"Ces deux inscriptions sont probablement datées de 369 ap. J-C.

"... du britonnique *lindo = lac, étang.


B. Ilchester : Eilert Ekwall, p 262 : 

- Givelcestre, DB; Giuelcestr', 1156; Iuelcestr', 1157 P. 'Roman fort on the river Yeo (préalablement Gifl'. 

Sources :

* Eilert EKWALL : The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English place-names. Clarendon Press. Fourth Edition, 1980.

* Ordnance Survey : Map of Roman Britain.

* ALF RIVET & Colin SMITH : The Place-Names of Roman Britain. Batsford Ltd. London. 1979.

Autres sites traitant d'Ilchester : 

* http://www.localhistories.org/ilchester.html

* http://search.visitbritain.com/en-EN/Details.aspx?ContentID=133257&IndustryType=13&IndustrySubType=4

* http://encyclopedia.stateuniversity.com/pages/10471/Ilchester.html

* http://www.alangodfreymaps.co.uk/som7316.htm

* forum du site Marikavel : Academia Celtica

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